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GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES FOR DOING BUSINESS IN NIGERIA
Based on the existing legal framework, any investor that wishes to do business in Nigeria is required by law to register a company with the Corporate Affairs Commission and pay stamp duties with the Federal Inland Revenue Services (FIRS).
For the purpose of clarity and simplicity, the NIPC has divided into stages, the procedures for doing business in Nigeria either by a local or a foreigner as the case maybe. Please find below the processes:
Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) was established under the Companies and Allied Matters Decree No. 1 of 1990. The Commission has statutory responsibility for registration of companies, business names and Incorporated Trustees.
REQUIREMENTS FOR COMPANY INCORPORATION
For further information, please call Mrs. Fatima Bayola on +234 (0) 803 328 9532; OR visit us on our website at www.cac.ng.org.
FEDERAL INLAND REVENUE SERVICE (FIRS)
Under the extant laws in Nigeria, Companies are required to register and render their tax returns to the FIRS Tax Offices nearest their registered addresses and pay their taxes there.
Requirements for payment of Stamp Duties
Documents submitted for the payment of Stamp Duty are the CAC 2 Form (statement of share capital), and 2 (two) duly completed and signed Memorandum and Articles of Association.
Note: Payment of Stamp Duties on share capital is compulsory for all incorporating companies, and varies according to the company’s share capital amount.
Value Added Tax
The Value Added Tax (Nigeria) is a tax on supply of goods and services which is eventually borne by the final consumer but collected at each stage of the production and distribution chain at the rate of 5%. The VAT was introduced to Nigeria Tax Laws in 1993 as a replacement to the Sales Tax and came into force on 1st January, 1994.
WHO IS REQUIRED TO REGISTER
All domestic manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors, importers and suppliers of goods and services in Nigeria are expected to register for VAT. Also, non-resident companies that carry on businesses in Nigeria are expected to register using the addresses of the persons with whom they have subsisting contracts as their addresses for the purposes of correspondences relating to the tax.
A taxable activity includes any activity other than those mentioned in the exempt list of the Value Added Tax Act, 2007, conducted as business, vocation, trade and profession. It includes the activities of governments, associations and clubs.
Zero-rated supplies are supplies that are charged to tax at the rate of 0%. This includes non-oil exports, goods and services purchased by diplomats and goods purchased for use in humanitarian donor funded projects. The main difference between a company whose products have been exempted from VAT and a company whose supplies are zero-rated is that the former need not register for VAT while the latter is mandatory to register and also submit VAT returns.
SUBMISSION OF TAX RETURNS
Once a company is registered for VAT, such a company is expected to render VAT returns of activities on a monthly basis to the Tax Office treating the tax matters of the company. The activity of a particular month is reported on the VAT returns of the following month which is due for submission on or before the end of that month.
For further information, please call Mr. Imeh on +234 703 130 0295 ,
or visit www.firs.gov.ng
In accordance with the NIPC Act No. 16 of 1995, every company with foreign participation after incorporation with Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) must register their company with the NIGERIAN INVESTMENT PROMOTION COMMISSION (NIPC).
Requirements for Business Registration
iii. Evidence of Incorporation
An enterprise, in which foreign participation is involved, shall obtain Business Permit and Expatriate Quota before commencing operations in Nigeria with the Ministry of Interior.
The Citizenship and Business Department of the Ministry of Interior has responsibility for administering and enforcing the provisions of the immigration Act. 1963 as they relate to the establishment of business in Nigeria and the employment of expatriates. In other words, the Interior Ministry is entrusted principally with the following responsibilities:
Requirements for Business Permit and Expatriate Quota